From all-leather looks at Gucci to dangerously spiked cuffs by cult Parisian jeweler Aurelie Bidermann, there is more than a touch of fetish about the collections currently in stores. In a startling development from the rock chick style popularised by Balmain, there was a PVC-like shine on some of John Galliano’s stiletto heels, Jean Paul Gaultier combined lace with some of his signature structured underwear (in black, of course), and Alexander McQueen added bondage straps to its peep-toe shoe boots. Even Christian Louboutin, a designer synonymous with froufrou femininity, has cover one of his signature pumps in S&M studs, albeit with a bow on top. As for accessories: whips and chains are interchangeable with leather clutch bags and daringly sharp jewels.